Suicide and suicidal behaviour
Suicide is now a worldwide emerging health issue. Suicide is the intentional taking of one’s own life. 200,000 people in USA attempt suicide every year out of which 26,000 people lose their lives. While actual no. of suicides may be higher since official records often list suicide as another form of death. In Pakistan 15 – 35 people commit suicide every day. Means one person every hour commit suicide. According to the WHO survey in 2012, the suicide rate was 7.5 per 100,000 people In Pakistan. Which means 13,000 people commit suicide every year. This no. is half of the American suicide deaths. student suicides in Pakistan is also a wake-up call for parents and educational administrations.
Types of suicidal behaviour
There are 3 types of suicidal behaviour.
- Suicide threat
- Suicide attempt
- Suicide gesture
- Dead by suicide
Suicide threat is verbal admiration of one’s own life useless. It is also before actual suicide attempt. It include verbal admiration such as “I just take it anymore.” This indicates that person is not sure about his attention to attempt suicide but he is thinking about it.
Suicide attempt are series of some life threatening actions which could lead a person’s life towards death if not Interrupted.
Suicide gesture is called as a cry for help. Person thinks about a way in which he may be rescued from his attempt. Most of time it includes calling someone.
Common ways to attempt suicide
The person’s behaviour and actions suddenly change. For example, a person who didn’t like to play cricket start playing cricket. Or a thrifty person start spending more money than he earns. In simple words they begin to show reaction formation. I. Which they act totally different to their thinking. At that point person select suicide as a only solution to his problems. Other changes includes: