Postpartum Depression- A Serious Problem

Motherhood is the biggest gamble in the world. It is an act of infinite love. Mother is the only human being who get stretch marks on her body to give the birth of her child.When she is going to give birth to her baby, she has to bear the labor pain which is one of the severe pains that is ever evaluated. A mother experiences a mixture of feelings when she gives birth to a child. These feelings are a mixture of joy and happiness but sometimes women get depressed due to some hormonal fluctuations. There are some women who may also experience postpartum depression.

What is postpartum depression?

Postpartum depression is a major kind of depression experienced by new mothers. This kind of depression occurs in result of childbirth. It is not a weakness but a kind of emotion. It may be started right after the childbirth and last at least for a year. After giving birth to a child, a mother feels a mixture of physical, behavioral and emotional changes, that is called postpartum depression. There are two kinds of postpartum depression, the first one “baby blues” and the other one is “postpartum psychosis”.

The “baby blues” is a normal kind of depression which occur normally to the 90% of women right after the day of childbirth. In this condition, new mothers feel very happy or may feel sad and sometimes cry for no reason. This is normal and require no proper treatment.

On the other hand “postpartum psychosis” is a serious mental disorder. This illness increase after the first three months of birth. Women feel frenzied, hectic and pacing. Auditory hallucination is the main effect of this kind of depression. This kind of depression requires urgent treatment. There are very few cases, in which women get postpartum psychosis.

Symptoms of Postpartum:

In “Baby blues” the symptoms are followings:

  • Women may be feel sad
  • Mood swings of mother
  • May be mother feel less sleepy
  • May be mother cry for no reason

These symptoms of baby blues may last for few weeks, may be two or three. These symptoms ends with the passage of time.

In “postpartum psychosis” the symptoms are followings:

  • Confusion
  • Auditory hallucination
  • May the mother tries to harm herself
  • May the mother tries to kill her baby
  • Became more possessive about her physical appearance
  • Paranoia
  • Feeling no relation to baby
  • Lass of satisfaction
  • Feeling shameful
  • Sluggishnesst

These all are dangerous thoughts for mother and child and it require immediate treatment. These signs are severe and harmful.

Cause of postpartum depression:

There are many causes of postpartum depression. Experts of this field do not know that what is the exact cause of this depression. They talk about this on certain basis:

  • May be it is due to the hormones changes
  • It also depend on the role your circumstances play
  • The role of your family in your thoughts
  • PPD may have an underlying problem with an under active thyroid gland after delivery
  • This may be due to the previous depression

If a women is not treated for this mental illness they may harm themselves and their babies too. So the treatment of this depression is necessary. A man can also feel this kind of depression, he may also feel sad or more happy on his child birth.

What is the treatment of postpartum depression?

If the women has baby blue depression than it will be resolved after two or three weeks. But if women has postpartum depression then it depends on the severity of patient’s condition. Psychotherapy and antidepressant medication is best for this kind of patient. If the depression is severe, the electroconvulsive therapy is used by doctors and is highly recommended.

Author: Maryam Zafar

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